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Jumat, 20 April 2012

A STUDY OF JAVANESE DIALECT USED BY THE WORKING CLASS


A STUDY OF JAVANESE DIALECT USED BY THE WORKING CLASS
IN (CARPENTERS,SERVANTS AND FARMERS) IN PANTENAN PANCENG GRESIK


1.      Statement of problem

Based on the background of this study, the writer formulates the problem as the following :
1.1       What kind of dialect of the Javanese language is used by the working class in pantenan panceng gresik.
1.2       What word of the dialect are used by the working class in Pantenan panceng gresik.
1.3       In what situation are the words of  the pantenan panceng gresik used by the working class in pantenan panceng gresik.

2.      Method of research
The method of the research is explained in this chapter. The contents of this chapter are design. Source of the data, population, sample, technique of collecting data, and data analysis.
2.1       Design
The design of the research is descriptive qualitative. It means the study merely describes somewhat based on the reference book. There is no manipulation of variables. And no tasting of hypothesis. It only contains some notes about the word used by the working class in Pantenan Panceng Gresik as their exclusive dialect.
2.2  Source of data
The source of data in this research waste people who lived in Pantenan village, Kecamatan Panceng, Kabupaten Gresik east java.
2.3  Population and sample
2.3.1 Population
The population of this research was the working class in Pantenan Panceng village, Gresik who use Pantenan dialect of this Javanese language.
2.3.2   Sample and sampling technique
In this research, the writer used random sampling. It was used in order to get informants. There were 10 small divisions of village in Pantenan. The writer took 5 small divisions of village , the working class included carpenter, servant, and farmer.
2.3.3  Technique of collecting data
The successes of failure of research depends on the technique of the research. The techniques that the writer used in her research are as follows:
2.3.3.1  Interview
The writer interviewed the informants and noted down the data directly on answer sheets.
2.3.3.2  Questionnaire
The writer gave written questions and the informants were asked to answer the question on a answer sheet.
2.4  Data Analysis
The data being analyzed were the data about the Pantenan dialect used by the working class in Pantenan Gresik, I.e. the words and the situation in which the word were used by the working class in Pantenan Panceng Gresik. The data obtained from the informants analyzed through procedures in accordance with the objective of the study ,which are to answer:
4.1 The first problem , to find out the kind of dialect of the Javanese language used by the working class in Pantenan Gresik to do this the writer based on the theory of Francis (1958:48)concerning the kind of dialect as stated in chapter 11.
4.2 The second problem, to find out the words of the Javanese dialect used by the working class in Pantenan Panceng Gresik, then analyzed by the categorizing in to parts of speech of the collected data.
4.3   The third problem, to find out the situation in which the words of the dialect was used by the working class in Pantenan Panceng Gresik.
This was solved by knowing the place where the dialect was used, then deciding what situation the place was related to.
The words of Pantenan Panceng Gresik dialect used by the working class in Pantenan Panceng Gresik, are shown in four tables, table 1 contains nouns,table11 verb, table 111 adjective, table 1V personal pronouns, each table is divided in to three columns; columns 1 shows the Pantenan dialect, columns 11 shows the Javanese language and columns III  the English equivalent.

TABLE I

NO

NOUNS

Pantenan dialect
Javanese language
English equivalent
1
kathil
Kursi
Chair
2
kiwan
Jeding
Bathroom
3
Menyok
Telo
Cassava
4
Yuk
Mbak
Sister
5
Cacak
Mas
Brother
6
Gebyok
Tembok kayu
Wall
7
Capel
Topi
Hat
8
Ronjot
Keranjang
Basket


TABLE 11
NO
VERB
Pantenan dialect
Javanese language
English equivalent
1
Muluk
Mumbul
Fly
2
Mere
Lungo
Go
3
Balek
Mulih
Go home
4
Kanut
Katut
Follow
5
Merat
Minggat
Escape
6
Mbujuki
Ngapusi
Lie
7
Merawasno
Mbebayano
Endanger
8
Mledos
Meledak
Explode
                
TABLE 111
NO

ADJECTIVE

Pantenan dialect
Javanese dialect
English equivalent
1
Budek
Kopok
Deaf
2
Jembret
Becek
Muddy
3
Padang
Terang
Bright
4
Parek
Cedek
Near
5
Semrawot
Korat karit
Messy
6
Cungkring
Kuru
Thin
7
Ngorong
N gelak
Thirsty
8
Luwungl
Lumayan
Not bad

NO
PERSONAL PRONOUN

Pantenan dialect

Javanese language
English equivalent
1
Insun
Aku
I
2
Koen/riko
Kowe
You

2.3.1.      This table present explanation where the words of the Javanese dialect are used by the working class in pantenan panceng gresik, there words are used among family, member, friends and neighbor
The words in this table are at home and in the market
NO
Pantenan dialect
Javanese language
English equivalent
1
Kathil
Kursi
Chair
2
Yuk
 Mbak
Sister
3
Tasemak
Kocomoto
Glasses
4
Capel
Topi
Hat
5
Gapyak
Klompen
Sandal
6
Cacak
Mas
Brother
7
Ronjot
Keranjang
Basket
8
Kei
Ngekei
Give
9
Copot
Nyopot
Undo
10
Muluk
Mumbul
Fly
11
Kemrusuk
Rame
Noisy
12
Padang
Terang
Bright
13
Soroh
Angel
Difficult
14
Luwung
Lumayan
Not bad
15
Budek
Kopok
Deaf
16
Kanut
Katut
Follow
17
Krinan
Kawanen
Oversleep
18
Merawasno
Mbebayano
Endanger


BIBLIOGRAPHY

Burling Robins,In Gatot Santhoso,The use of foreign words un javanese language as sepanjang peoples dialect,1996

Fishman in Chaedar Alwasilah, Sosiologi Bahasa,Bandung: Angkasa 1998

Frances, Nelson, W. The Structure of American English, The Ronald press company,1958

Swan,Michael,Understanding Ideas Advanced Reading Skills, Cambridge, University press,1976

Winthrop, Nancy Ainsworth Johnson in Gatot Santhoso ,The Use of Foreign Words in javanese language as sepanjang people’s Dialect,1996                                                                               

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